An academic researcher with a PhD in Politics from Birkbeck, University of London. He has a master’s degree in Middle East Politics with Distinction from Exeter, UK. He focuses on the study of Islamist movements and specializes in analyzing the discursive and organizational transformations in Salafi-Jihadism. He co-taught “War and Modern Society” and “Middle East Politics” at Birkbeck, University of London. He publishes in Arabic and English.