There was no change in the map of military influence despite a relative rise in the number of security and military events and reciprocated attacks on the frontlines, which remained stable. No ground military action was recorded anywhere.

There was a rise in the number of civilian deaths and Syrian detainees, compared to previous months, perpetrated mostly by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) militia dominated by Kurdish fighters. Chaos and insecurity continued in regime-held areas especially in the governorates of Daraa and Suwayda. There was a major escalation in Israeli attacks against the positions of the Syrian regime and the Iranian militias, especially at the airports of Damascus and Aleppo, the Syrian coast and the city of Masyaf in the province of Hama.

The tension caused by Turkey’s threat to launch a military operation against SDF — opposed by Washington, Tehran, and Moscow — was eased. Meanwhile Russian warplanes resumed their sorties and raids against Syrian opposition military camps and Iranian-backed militias launched attacks against the American forces, who responded with air strikes. Moreover, the frequency of ISIS attacks continued to decline as did the deployment of the Iranian-backed militia of more soldiers and weapons.

You can read the full article by clicking on the download tab