Esed rejiminin Suriye’deki ayaklanmaya karşı uyguladığı aşırı şiddet ve 2011 yılından bu yana Suriye’deki çatışmalar, Suriye halkının yarısından fazlasının ikamet ettikleri yerleri terk etmelerine sebep olmuştur. Bu göçmenlerin de yarısı kadar komşu ülkelere sığınmıştır. Türkiye ise en çok mülteci alan ülke olmuştur; Avrupa’ya giden birkaç yüz bin kişiye ek olarak günümüzde Türkiye’deki Suriyeli sığınmacıların sayısı üç milyonu aşmış durumdadır.
The research objective revolves around a number of questions. What are the circumstances that paved the way for the emergence of warlords? What are the mechanisms by which warlords were formed? What is their social, economic and security situation? How does their rapid enrichment relate to warlord intervention in politics and security? Who are the most prominent beneficiaries of the war in terms of their origins, formation, influence, size of wealth, and regional and local relations?
It has been ten years since the war in Syria broke out. The situation is unrelieved, as a political solution to end this bloody conflict is still out of reach. According to statistics issued recently by UN agencies, more than 6.6 million refugees are distributed on neighboring countries and EU countries, while number of internally displaced people is estimated to be ...6.7 million
This research assesses in detail the devastation in the energy sector: oil, gas and electricity, during the ten-year-war in Syria.
The military’s rise in Syria kickstarted the era of military coups in the Arab world as the establishment made a record in how many coups it.