Economic Reform in Syria during the First Decade of Bashar al-Assad’s Presidency

Following Hafez al-Assad’s death on June 10, 2000, Bashar al-Assad succeeded his father as president. Syrians refrained from openly discussing this succession due to their

Samir Seifan

Samir Seifan

“Shabiha Forever” Assad’s Creation, Control, and Use of Militias Since 2011

The Syrian regime’s reliance on and co-option of locally formed militias since 2011 has transformed Syria’s security services into a vast collection of local and

Suwayda Protests and Expected Scenarios

The Suwayda uprising bears a multifaceted significance. Despite arising in response to worsening living conditions, it has not manifested solely as a hunger-driven revolution; its

Makeshift Oil Refineries: A Social and Environmental Disaster Field report from the regions of northern and eastern Syria

The report aims to identify the health, economic and social impact that has resulted from the operation of makeshift oil refineries in areas outside the

Türkiye’deki Seçimlerin Suriyelilere ve Suriyelilerin Meselelerine Yansımaları

Suriye meselesi, Türkiye dahil olmak üzere uluslararası ve bölgesel aktörlerin elinde olmuştur. Dolayısıyla Türkiye’nin diğer aktörlerle ve bu aktörlerin Suriye meselesindeki politikalarıyla ilişkisi, Türkiye’nin Suriye

Impact of the Energy Crisis on Living Conditions and Social Behavioral Patterns in Syria’s Regime-Controlled Areas

For this study, we conducted 200 field interviews addressing the energy crisis and its impact on Syrian society in regime-controlled areas, specifically Damascus and Hama.

Should there be different standards on how UN sanctions are imposed depending on whether the sanctions are intended to enforce human rights or to maintain peace and security?

This paper attempts to resolve the issue of which the United Nations when imposing any form of sanctions in order to achieve honorable goals such

Fadel Abdulghany

Fadel Abdulghany

Military and Security Developments in Syria August 2022

This report reviews the most notable military and security events that took place in August.

Harmoon Observatory

Harmoon Observatory

Economic and Living Conditions in Syria.. August 2022

The economic hardships of Syrians continued in August with the steady rise in the prices of basic items and the decline in the purchasing power

Harmoon Observatory

Harmoon Observatory

Military and Security Developments in Syria Report – July 2022

The parties to the conflict continued to intensify their movements in preparation for an anticipated Turkish military operation against SDF positions in northern Syria that

Harmoon Observatory

Harmoon Observatory